What Is The Sykes Picot Agreement

Meanwhile, at the end of May, the French in power, who made themselves available to the armed forces, continued to expect that the British would be replaced by French troops in Syria, even though they had argued over the exact geographical boundaries of these forces and, more generally, at the expense of relations; After the 21st meeting, Lloyd George Clemenceau had written and cancelled the Long-Bérenger oil agreement (revised version agreed at the end of April), which claimed that he did not know or want it to become a subject, while Clemenceau claimed that this had not been the subject of a dispute. There were also discussions about what was agreed or not at the private meeting between Clemenceau and Lloyd George last December. [96] [97] One of Daesh`s stated objectives is to dismantle the agreement. The head of the outfit, Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi, called for the decomposed nations of the region to be replaced by a transnational regional power called the „caliphate“. Loevy referred to a similar point with regard to sections 4 to 8 of the agreement, recalling that the British and French practiced „Ottoman colonial development“ and that this experience served as a roadmap for subsequent war negotiations. [51] While Khalidi examined the negotiations of Great Britain and France in 1913 and 1914 on the Homs-Baghdad railway line, as well as their agreements with Germany, in other regions, as a „clear basis“ for their subsequent spheres of influence under the agreement. [52] For a period of twenty years, the existing Turkish tariff remains in effect in all blue and red zones as well as in zones (a) and b) and there is no increase in tariffs or conversions of value at certain rates, unless there is an agreement between the two powers. The agreement gave a general understanding of the British and French spheres of influence in the Middle East. The aim was to divide the Arab provinces of the Ottoman Empire (excluding the Arabian Peninsula). If we are caught over the years in the wider context of other agreements, declarations and promises made to the actors of the region, we see how the agreement is at the root of so many contemporary problems. The agreement is seen by many as a turning point in Western and Arab relations. She denied the promises made by the United Kingdom to the Arabs[9] concerning a national Arab homeland in the region of Syria in exchange for British support for the Ottoman Empire.

The agreement was made public with others on 23 November 1917 in Moscow by the Bolsheviks[10] and repeated on 26 November 1917 in the British Guardian, so that „the British were displaced, the Arabs appalled and the Turks happy.“ [11] [12] [13] The legacy of the agreement has caused too much discontent in the region, particularly among the Denarabern, but also among the Kurds, who were denied an independent state. [14] [15] [16] [17] Until the centenary of Sykes-Picot in 2016, the media[109] and science[110] generated strong interest in the long-term effects of the agreement.